Hero or villain? Arthur Nebe was commander of Einsatzgruppen B and responsible for mass executions during the Holocaust. He was also a member of the resistance and was executed by the Nazis for his involvement in the July 20 Plot.
Monday, May 12, 2014
Claus Graf von Stauffenberg is probably the most well known of all of the July 20 conspirators since he was the one that set the bomb in the bunker that was supposed to kill Hitler. The bomb did detonate, but Hitler survived. Stauffenberg was executed by firing squad on July 20, 1944. The movie Valkyrie (Tom Cruise stars as Stauffenberg) is quite good and pretty much historically accurate.
Friday, May 9, 2014
Thursday, May 8, 2014
Fabian von Schlabrendorff served as Tresckow's adjutant on the eastern front in Army Group Center. He acted as a liaison between Tresckow and Oster to coordinate the resistance. Schlabrendorff's memoirs We Almost Killed Hitler provided the inspiration for Kurt's activities in the resistance during the last part of Slow Boil. Amazingly, Schlabrendorff survived imprisonment and torture.
Wednesday, May 7, 2014
Rudolf von Gersdorff attempted to assassinate Hitler by wearing a bomb during a museum tour with Hitler. The attempt failed, but Gersdorff was not discovered. Gersdorff survived the war and recorded his involvement in the resistance movement in his autobiography Soldier in the Downfall.
Tuesday, May 6, 2014
Henning von Tresckow was the driving force behind the resistance to Hitler in the Wehrmacht. As Chief of Staff of Army Group Center on the eastern front, he, like Oster, surrounded himself with like-minded people. He played an instrumental role in several attempts on Hitler's life. When the July 20 Plot failed, he committed suicide rather than risk exposing others to Nazi reprisals.
Monday, May 5, 2014
General Ludwig Beck was Chief of the General Staff for the Wehrmacht. He resigned in protest to Hitler's military policies despite Oster's advice to the contrary. He later became the ruling patriarch of the July 20 Conspirators. He was allowed to shoot himself rather than face death by firing squad on July 20, 1944.
Saturday, May 3, 2014
Carl Goerdeler was one of the most prominent civilians involved in resistance to the Nazi regime. He served as the mayor of Leipzig until removed from office for his outspoken anti-Nazi positions. While Goerdeler did break under Nazi interrogation, his long fight against Nazism should be how he is remembered. He was murdered by the Nazis.
Thursday, May 1, 2014
General Hans Oster is my personal favorite among the July 20 Conspirators. Early on he saw the evil for what it was and fought it. As deputy of the Abwehr, the military intelligence branch of the Wehrmacht, he used his position to influence and attempt real change even plotting a coup as early as 1938. He filled the Abwehr with like-minded individuals such as Dohnanyi and Bonhoeffer. Oster was also murdered by the Nazis.