The Nuremberg Laws were passed in 1935. They are infamous for defining Judaism as a race (when in fact it is a religion) and stripping German Jews of their citizenship and other fundamental rights. After Nuremberg German Jewish children were not allowed to attend "German" schools forcing German Jews to create their own schools for the education of their children. Many German Jewish adults had their professional licenses stripped (doctors, lawyers, etc.). The illustration below explains the Nazi definition of a "racial Jew."